37 factors of enlightenment

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The 37 factors (sometimes called steps) of enlightenment:

(from Anguttara Nikaya 7.67, Majjhima Nikaya 103, Digha Nikaya 16)

The 4 Foundations of Mindfulness

Main article: Satipatthana Sutta
  • Mindfulness of body
  • Mindfulness of sensations
  • Awareness of mind
  • Meditation on the Dhamma

The 4 supreme efforts

Main article: 4 supreme efforts
  • Not to let an unwholesome thought arise which has not yet arisen.
  • Not to let an unwholesome thought continue which has already arisen.
  • To make a wholesome thought arise which has not yet arisen.
  • To make a wholesome thought continue which has already arisen.

The 4 means to accomplishment

  • Desire, zeal (wholesome) [Pali: chandha]
  • Energy
  • Consciousness
  • Investigation

The 5 strengths

Main article: 5 strengths
  • Faith
  • Energy
  • Mindfulness
  • Concentration
  • Wisdom

The 5 faculties

Main article: 5 faculties
  • Faith
  • Energy
  • Mindfulness
  • Concentration
  • Wisdom

The Noble Eightfold Middle Path

  • Right Understanding
  • Right Thought
  • Right Speech
  • Right Action
  • Right Livelihood
  • Right Effort
  • Right Mindfulness
  • Right Concentration

The 7 factors of enlightenment

  • mindfulness (sati)
  • investigation of mental phenomena (dhamma vicaya)
  • energy (viriya)
  • joy (pīti)
  • tranquillity (passaddhi)
  • concentration (samādhi)
  • equanimity (upekkhā)

Five frequently found qualities

37factors.png

This teaching / list from the suttas gets to the heart of the practice and teachings and is sometimes known as the "Wings to Awakening". An analysis of it by Buddhaghosa (author of the Visuddhimagga) revealed several recurring concepts running through the 37:

  • saddha (2 times) [faith, confidence]
  • samādhi (4 times) [concentration, tranquility]
  • paññā (5 times) [wisdom]
  • sati (8 times) [mindfulness]
  • viriya (9 times) [energy]

References