17 ways mindfulness arises

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17 ways mindfulness arises:

1. By personal experience

2. By some outside influence

3. By the impression made by the greatness of some occasion

4. From the consciousness of welfare, remembering happiness

5. From consciousness of woe

6. From a similar appearance

7. From a dissimilar appearance

8. From understanding due to speech

9. From a distinguishing mark

10. From being urged to recollect

11. From reckoning

12. From calculation

13. By learning by heart

14. From mental development

15. By reference to a book

16. From association of ideas

17. From what was experienced