Acharya Buddharakkhita

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Acharya Buddharakkhita (1922-2013) was born in Manipur, India. He is the founder and current director of the Maha Bodhi Society in Bangalore. In 1956 he served on the editorial board of the Sixth Buddhist Council in Rangoon. He is the author of numerous books and translations from Pali and also edits and publishes the monthly Buddhist journal Dhamma.

Venerable Acharya Buddharakkhita was born in the then eastern state of Manipur in India. He was born on March 12, 1922, a full moon day, in Imphal.

He was a bright student graduated from the Institute of Engineering Technology, Calcutta (Kolkata) in Automobile Engineering. He joined Government of India Defense Ordinance. The job took him to Malaysia, Singapore and various other places during the Second World War. He saw the destruction of life and property and misery that the war brought in the lives of people, which led him to turn towards spirituality. He resigned his job and left his home in search of truth and freedom. For some years he traveled through the length and breadth of India and studied Indian religions in various institutions.

Venerable Acharya Buddharakkhita became monk on the Buddha Poornima Day of 1949 at Kusinagar under the illustrious monk Venerable Candamani Mahathera. He undertook extensive Buddhist studies both in India and Nepal the same year and left to Sri Lanka.

He studied Pali and Buddhism in Sri Lanka and practiced meditation under the renowned meditation master Ven. Mahasi Sayadaw in Burma. He was a member of the editorial board of the Chattha Sangayana; the Sixth Buddhist Synod held in Rangoon, which brought out a complete edition of the Pali canon.

For a short time he served as a professor at the Nava Nalanda Mahavihara in Nalanda. He taught Buddhology at the Nalanda Pali Postgraduate Institute, Bihar. In order to spread the teachings of the Buddha in his own quite way he resigned the job and started Maha Bodhi Society, Bangalore on a piece of land offered by the niece of Ven. Anagarika Dhammapala, Maha Upasika Mrs. B. Moonasinghe, which was offered by the Maharaja of Mysore for the purpose of building a Buddhist center in Bangalore. Thus the Maha Bodhi Society, Bangalore was founded in 1956. Since then he has been active in conducting weekly discourses on Buddhism, writing articles and books, creating awareness among the people of Karnataka and India about Buddhism. He extended his activities to other countries of the world to disseminate the noble teachings of the Buddha.

His compassion prompted him to undertake many projects to alleviate suffering of people, like building medical centers, monastic institutes, residential schools in different parts of India for displaced and poor children.

In 2001 seeing the urgent need of training good monks in India, he started MAHABODHI MONASTIC INSTITUTE, BANGALORE, on the auspicious day of 2545th Buddha Jayanti Celebrations. Today the institute has the strength of 100 monks from different parts of India who are getting monastic training.

In 2006 at the age of 85 he established MAHABODHI ACADEMY FOR PALI & BUDDHIST STUDIES, which conducts Diploma courses in Buddhist Studies to spread the teachings of the Buddha. This is the result of his deep research and experience in the revival of Buddha Dhamma. The courses are offered in English and Kannada languages.

He died at the age of 91 in Bangalore, India at the headquarters of the Maha Bodhi Society, Bangalore on September 23, 2013.

Buddhist publications

  • Positive Response: How to Meet Evil With Good by Acharya Buddharakkhita (Buddhist Publication Society Bodhi Leaves No. 109; 1987; 41k/14pp.)
  • Metta: The Philosophy and Practice of Universal Love, by Acharya Buddharakkhita (Buddhist Publication Society Wheel Publication No. 365; 1989; 66k/22pp.)