Difference between revisions of "Ayya Khema"

From Dhamma Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Unreferenced|date=January 2008}}
+
{{Infobox Person
{{Infobox Buddhist biography
 
 
| name            = Ayya Khema
 
| name            = Ayya Khema
| img             = Ayya Khema2.jpg
+
| image             = Ayya_Khema2.jpg
| img_size        =
+
| image_size = 450px
| img_capt        =
 
| landscape        =  
 
 
| birth_name      = Ilse Ledermann
 
| birth_name      = Ilse Ledermann
| other_names      =
 
| dharma_name      =
 
 
| birth_date      = {{birth date|1923|8|25}}  
 
| birth_date      = {{birth date|1923|8|25}}  
| birth_place      = [[Berlin, Germany]]
+
| birth_place      = Berlin, Germany
 
| death_date      = {{death date and age|1997|11|21|1923|8|25}}  
 
| death_date      = {{death date and age|1997|11|21|1923|8|25}}  
 
| death_place      =  
 
| death_place      =  
Line 33: Line 28:
 
'''Ayya Khema''' ([[August 25]], [[1923]] - [[November 2]], [[1997]]), a [[buddhism|Buddhist]] [[teacher]], was born as ''Ilse Ledermann'' in [[Berlin]], [[Germany]], to [[Jew]]ish parents.
 
'''Ayya Khema''' ([[August 25]], [[1923]] - [[November 2]], [[1997]]), a [[buddhism|Buddhist]] [[teacher]], was born as ''Ilse Ledermann'' in [[Berlin]], [[Germany]], to [[Jew]]ish parents.
  
Khema dodged the [[Nazism|Nazis]] during [[World War II]], but was interned by the [[Japan]]ese. She eventually moved to the [[United States]]. After travelling in [[Asia]] she decided to become a Buddhist [[nun]] in [[Sri Lanka]] in 1979. She was very active in providing opportunities for [[women]] to practice Buddhism, founding several centers around the world. In 1987 she co-ordinated the first ever [[International Conference of Buddhist Nuns]].
+
Khema dodged the Nazis during World War II, but was interned by the Japanese. She eventually moved to the United States. After traveling in Asia she decided to become a [[bhikkuni]] in [[Sri Lanka]] in 1979. She was very active in providing opportunities for women to practice Buddhism, founding several centers around the world. In 1987 she co-ordinated the first ever [[International Conference of Buddhist Nuns]].
  
Khema wrote over two dozen [[book]]s in [[English (language)|English]] and [[German (language)|German]]. Her [[autobiography]], ''I Give You My Life'', is an adventure story sprinkled with nuggets of spiritual wisdom.
+
Khema wrote over two dozen books in English and German. ''I Give You My Life'', her autobiography, is an adventure story sprinkled with nuggets of spiritual wisdom.
  
 
== Life ==
 
== Life ==
[[Ayya]] Khema was born in Berlin in 1923 to Jewish parents.
+
Ayya Khema was born in Berlin in 1923 to Jewish parents.
In 1938, she escaped from Germany with two hundred other children and was taken to [[Glasgow, Scotland]]. Her parents went to [[China]] and, two years later Ayya Khema joined them in [[Shanghai]]. With the outbreak of the war, however, the family was put into a [[Japanese prisoner-of-war camp]] where her father died. She later married, had a son and a daughter, and now has four grandchildren.  
 
  
Four years after the American liberation of the camp, Ayya Khema was able to emigrate to the [[United States]]. Between 1960 and 1964 she travelled with her husband and son throughout [[Asia]], including the [[Himalaya]]n countries, during which she learned meditation. Ten years later, she began to teach meditation throughout [[Europe]] and [[Australia]]. Her experiences led her to become a [[Buddhist]] nun in [[Sri Lanka]] in 1979, when she was given the name of ''"Khema"'' (Ayya means Venerable) meaning safety and security.
+
In 1938, she escaped from Germany with two hundred other children and was taken to Glasgow, Scotland. Her parents went to China and, two years later Ayya Khema joined them in Shanghai. With the outbreak of the war, however, the family was put into a Japanese prisoner-of-war camp where her father died. She later married, had a son and a daughter, and now has four grandchildren.  
  
[[Image:Metta Vihara.jpg|left|thumb|right|250px|Metta Vihara]]
+
Four years after the American liberation of the camp, Ayya Khema was able to emigrate to the United States. Between 1960 and 1964 she travelled with her husband and son throughout Asia, including the Himalayan countries, during which she learned meditation. Ten years later, she began to teach meditation throughout Europe and Australia. Her experiences led her to become a [[Buddhist]] nun in [[Sri Lanka]] in 1979, when she was given the name of ''"Khema"'' (Ayya means Venerable) meaning safety and security.
She helped to establish [[Wat Buddha Dhamma]], a [[forest monastery]] in the [[Theravada]] tradition, near [[Sydney, Australia]], in 1978. In [[Colombo]] she set up the [[International Buddhist Women's Centre]] as a training centre for Sri Lankan nuns, and the [[Parappuduwa Nun's Island]] at [[Dodanduwa]]. (now closed). She was the spiritual director of [[Buddha-Haus]] in Germany, established in 1989 under her auspices. In June 1997 "[[Metta Vihara]]," the first Buddhist forest monastery in Germany, was inaugurated by her, and the first ordinations in the German language took place there.
 
  
In 1987 she co-ordinated the first ''International Conference of Buddhist Nuns'' in the history of Buddhism, which resulted in the setting-up of [[Sakyadhita]], a world-wide Buddhist women's organisation. [[Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama|H.H. the Dalai Lama]] was the keynote speaker at the conference. In May 1987, as an invited lecturer, she was the first ever Buddhist nun to address the [[United Nations]] in [[New York]] on the topic of Buddhism and World Peace.  
+
She helped to establish [[Wat Buddha Dhamma]], a [[forest monastery]] in the [[Theravada]] tradition, near Sydney, Australia, in 1978. In [[Colombo]] she set up the [[International Buddhist Women's Centre]] as a training center for Sri Lankan nuns, and the [[Parappuduwa Nun's Island]] at Dodanduwa (now closed). She was the spiritual director of [[Buddha-Haus]] in Germany, established in 1989 under her auspices. In June 1997 "[[Metta Vihara]]," the first Buddhist forest monastery in Germany, was inaugurated by her, and the first ordinations in the German language took place there.
  
Ayya Khema has written twenty-five books on meditation and the Buddha's teachings in English and German; her books have been translated into seven languages. In 1988, her book "Being Nobody, Going Nowhere" received  the [[Christmas Humphreys Memorial Award]].
+
In 1987 she co-ordinated the first ''International Conference of Buddhist Nuns'' in the history of Buddhism, which resulted in the setting-up of [[Sakyadhita]], a world-wide Buddhist women's organization. [[Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama|H.H. the Dalai Lama]] was the keynote speaker at the conference. In May 1987, as an invited lecturer, she was the first ever Buddhist nun to address the [[United Nations]] in [[New York]] on the topic of Buddhism and World Peace.  
  
Ayya Khema ordained [[Sangamitta|Ven. Sister Sangamitta]] from [[Switzerland]] (now practising in [[Thailand]]) [[Dhammadina|Ven. Sister Dhammadina]] a graduate of [[Peradeniya University]], [[Vayama|Ven. Sister Vayama]] from [[Australia]] and [[Ven. Sister Uttpalvanna]] of [[Galle]] and her pupils in Sri Lanka.
+
Ayya Khema has written twenty-five books on meditation and the Buddha's teachings in English and German; her books have been translated into seven languages. In 1988, her book "Being Nobody, Going Nowhere" received  the Christmas Humphreys Memorial Award.
 +
 
 +
Ayya Khema ordained [[Sangamitta|Ven. Sister Sangamitta]] from Switzerland (now practising in [[Thailand]]) [[Dhammadina|Ven. Sister Dhammadina]] a graduate of [[Peradeniya University]], [[Vayama|Ven. Sister Vayama]] from Australia and [[Ven. Sister Uttpalvanna]] of Galle and her pupils in Sri Lanka.
  
 
== Death ==
 
== Death ==
Ayya Khema drew her last breath on [[November 2]], [[1997]] at Buddha Haus, Uttenbühl (part of the village Oy-Mittelberg) in Germany after a brief illness.
+
Ayya Khema drew her last breath on November 2, 1997 at [[Buddha Haus]], Uttenbühl (part of the village Oy-Mittelberg) in Germany after a brief illness.
  
 
== Legacy ==
 
== Legacy ==
Ayya Khema has left quite a mark on the Buddhist world today. She was the first Buddhist ever to have addressed the United Nations in New York. She establisted a large Buddhist forest monastery in Australia, and she has founded one of the largest Buddhist women organiations worldwide. Her works live on.  
+
Ayya Khema has left quite a mark on the Buddhist world today. She was the first Buddhist ever to have addressed the United Nations in New York. She established a large Buddhist forest monastery in Australia, and she has founded one of the largest Buddhist women organizations worldwide. Her works live on.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
==See also==
 
*[[Ordination of women]]
 
*[[Buddhist monasticism]]
 
*[[Thai Forest Tradition]]
 
*[[Vihara]]
 
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
* [http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/modern/khema/index.html Ayya Khema's writings]
 
* [http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/modern/khema/index.html Ayya Khema's writings]
 
* [http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/6774/a_khema.htm More on Ayya Khema including online articles and guided meditations]
 
* [http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/6774/a_khema.htm More on Ayya Khema including online articles and guided meditations]
 
{{buddhism2}}
 
{{ModernDharmicWriters}}
 
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Khema, Ayya}}
 
[[Category:1923 births]]
 
[[Category:1997 deaths]]
 
[[Category:Ayyas]]
 
[[Category:German Jews]]
 
[[Category:Converts to Buddhism]]
 
[[Category:German Buddhist nuns]]
 
[[Category:Modern Buddhist writers]]
 
[[Category:Theravada Buddhism writers]]
 
[[Category:German Theravada Buddhists]]
 
 
[[de:Ayya Khema]]
 
[[nl:Ayya Khema]]
 

Revision as of 01:58, 29 September 2008

Ayya Khema
Ayya Khema2.jpg
Born Ilse Ledermann
August 25, 1923(1923-08-25)
Berlin, Germany
Died November 21, 1997 (aged 74)
Nationality German
Title bikshuni
dasa sil mata
Denomination Theravada

Ayya Khema (August 25, 1923 - November 2, 1997), a Buddhist teacher, was born as Ilse Ledermann in Berlin, Germany, to Jewish parents.

Khema dodged the Nazis during World War II, but was interned by the Japanese. She eventually moved to the United States. After traveling in Asia she decided to become a bhikkuni in Sri Lanka in 1979. She was very active in providing opportunities for women to practice Buddhism, founding several centers around the world. In 1987 she co-ordinated the first ever International Conference of Buddhist Nuns.

Khema wrote over two dozen books in English and German. I Give You My Life, her autobiography, is an adventure story sprinkled with nuggets of spiritual wisdom.

Life

Ayya Khema was born in Berlin in 1923 to Jewish parents.

In 1938, she escaped from Germany with two hundred other children and was taken to Glasgow, Scotland. Her parents went to China and, two years later Ayya Khema joined them in Shanghai. With the outbreak of the war, however, the family was put into a Japanese prisoner-of-war camp where her father died. She later married, had a son and a daughter, and now has four grandchildren.

Four years after the American liberation of the camp, Ayya Khema was able to emigrate to the United States. Between 1960 and 1964 she travelled with her husband and son throughout Asia, including the Himalayan countries, during which she learned meditation. Ten years later, she began to teach meditation throughout Europe and Australia. Her experiences led her to become a Buddhist nun in Sri Lanka in 1979, when she was given the name of "Khema" (Ayya means Venerable) meaning safety and security.

She helped to establish Wat Buddha Dhamma, a forest monastery in the Theravada tradition, near Sydney, Australia, in 1978. In Colombo she set up the International Buddhist Women's Centre as a training center for Sri Lankan nuns, and the Parappuduwa Nun's Island at Dodanduwa (now closed). She was the spiritual director of Buddha-Haus in Germany, established in 1989 under her auspices. In June 1997 "Metta Vihara," the first Buddhist forest monastery in Germany, was inaugurated by her, and the first ordinations in the German language took place there.

In 1987 she co-ordinated the first International Conference of Buddhist Nuns in the history of Buddhism, which resulted in the setting-up of Sakyadhita, a world-wide Buddhist women's organization. H.H. the Dalai Lama was the keynote speaker at the conference. In May 1987, as an invited lecturer, she was the first ever Buddhist nun to address the United Nations in New York on the topic of Buddhism and World Peace.

Ayya Khema has written twenty-five books on meditation and the Buddha's teachings in English and German; her books have been translated into seven languages. In 1988, her book "Being Nobody, Going Nowhere" received the Christmas Humphreys Memorial Award.

Ayya Khema ordained Ven. Sister Sangamitta from Switzerland (now practising in Thailand) Ven. Sister Dhammadina a graduate of Peradeniya University, Ven. Sister Vayama from Australia and Ven. Sister Uttpalvanna of Galle and her pupils in Sri Lanka.

Death

Ayya Khema drew her last breath on November 2, 1997 at Buddha Haus, Uttenbühl (part of the village Oy-Mittelberg) in Germany after a brief illness.

Legacy

Ayya Khema has left quite a mark on the Buddhist world today. She was the first Buddhist ever to have addressed the United Nations in New York. She established a large Buddhist forest monastery in Australia, and she has founded one of the largest Buddhist women organizations worldwide. Her works live on.

External links