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Kenchō-ji (建長寺) is a Rinzai Zen temple in Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, which ranks first among Kamakura's so-called Five Great Zen Temples (the Kamakura Gozan) and is the oldest Zen training monastery in Japan. These temples were part of the Five Mountain System, established by the Hōjō Regents.

This important temple was constructed on the orders of Emperor Gofukakusa and completed in 1253, fifth year of the Kenchō era, from which it takes its name[1]. It was founded by Rankei Doryū, a Chinese Zen master who moved to Japan in 1246, spending some years in Kyushu and Kyoto before coming to Kamakura.