Lebanon (pronounced /ˈlɛbənɒn/ or /ˈlɛbənən/; Arabic: لبنان Lubnān; French: Liban), officially the Lebanese Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانية), is a country in Western Asia, on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east, and Israel to the south. Lebanon established a unique political system in 1942, known as confessionalism, a community-based power-sharing mechanism. It was created when the ruling French mandatory powers expanded the borders of the former autonomous Ottoman Mount Lebanon district that was mostly populated by Maronite Catholics and Druze.
About 0.1% are Buddhist.