Mauritania (Arabic: موريتانيا Mūrītāniyā), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in northwest Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, by Senegal on the southwest, by Mali on the east and southeast, by Algeria on the northeast, and by the Morocco-controlled Western Sahara on the northwest. It is named after the Roman province whose borders were roughly equivalent to those of the modern country. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast.
About 0.1% are Buddhist.