Difference between revisions of "Precepts"

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They are:
 
They are:
  
#not to harm living beings  
+
#I undertake the precept to abstain from taking life. (Though the precept's wording prohibits the killing of living beings, in terms of its underlying purpose it can also be understood to prohibit injuring, maiming, and torturing as well -- [[Bhikkhu Bodhi]])
#not to steal
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from taking that which is not given.
#not to sexually exploit others
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from sexual misconduct.
#not to lie
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from incorrect speech.
#not to take alcohol or other intoxicating drugs
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from intoxicating drinks and drugs which lead to carelessness.
  
 
In following these Precepts one gradually develops a respect for the life of others, for their property, their dignity, their right to know the truth and a respect for the clarity of one’s own mind. The [[Buddha]] called the practice of these Precepts a consideration to others which ‘creates love and respect and which is conducive to helpfulness, non-dispute, harmony and unity’ (A.III,287).  
 
In following these Precepts one gradually develops a respect for the life of others, for their property, their dignity, their right to know the truth and a respect for the clarity of one’s own mind. The [[Buddha]] called the practice of these Precepts a consideration to others which ‘creates love and respect and which is conducive to helpfulness, non-dispute, harmony and unity’ (A.III,287).  
  
On another occasion he called virtue ‘freedom-giving’ and ‘conducive to concentration’ (A.III,132). He also mentioned that one of the most important  benefits of practicing the Precepts is that one experiences ‘the happiness of being blameless’  (D.I,70).  
+
On another occasion he called virtue ‘freedom-giving’ and ‘conducive to concentration’ (A.III,132). He also mentioned that one of the most important  benefits of practicing the Precepts is that one experiences ‘the happiness of being blameless’  (D.I,70).
  
 
==The Eight Precepts==
 
==The Eight Precepts==
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In addition to these  Precepts, serious [[Buddhists]] will try to practice the eight Precepts (aññhasãla) at least on the New Moon and Full Moon days of every month. The eight Precepts are:
 
In addition to these  Precepts, serious [[Buddhists]] will try to practice the eight Precepts (aññhasãla) at least on the New Moon and Full Moon days of every month. The eight Precepts are:
  
#not to harm living beings  
+
#I undertake the precept to abstain from taking life. (Though the precept's wording prohibits the killing of living beings, in terms of its underlying purpose it can also be understood to prohibit injuring, maiming, and torturing as well -- [[Bhikkhu Bodhi]])
#not to steal
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from taking that which is not given.
#not to engage in any sexual activity
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from sexual misconduct.
#not to lie
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from incorrect speech.
#not to take alcohol or other intoxicating drugs
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from intoxicating drinks and drugs which lead to carelessness.
#not to eat after midday
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from eating after midday
#to abstain from dancing, singing, playing or listening to music, personal adornment and  makeup
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from dancing, singing, playing or listening to music, personal adornment and  makeup
#not to use high seats or beds  
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from using high seats or beds
  
 
==The Ten Precepts==
 
==The Ten Precepts==
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It will be noticed that while the five Precepts pertain to moral behaviour, the last three of the eight Precepts add behaviour that is conducive to simplicity, peace and reflection. Novice monks and nuns are expected to practice the ten  Precepts (dasasãla) in preparation for their monastic life. These ten are:  
 
It will be noticed that while the five Precepts pertain to moral behaviour, the last three of the eight Precepts add behaviour that is conducive to simplicity, peace and reflection. Novice monks and nuns are expected to practice the ten  Precepts (dasasãla) in preparation for their monastic life. These ten are:  
  
#not to harm living beings
+
#I undertake the precept to abstain from taking life. (Though the precept's wording prohibits the killing of living beings, in terms of its underlying purpose it can also be understood to prohibit injuring, maiming, and torturing as well -- [[Bhikkhu Bodhi]])
#not to steal
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from taking that which is not given.
#to abstain from sexual behaviour
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from sexual misconduct.
#not to lie
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from incorrect speech.
#not to take alcohol or intoxicating drugs
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from intoxicating drinks and drugs which lead to carelessness.
#not to eat after midday
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from eating after midday
#to abstain from dancing, singing and musical entertainment
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from dancing, singing, playing or listening to music
#to abstain from adornment and makeup
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from adornment and makeup
#not to use high seats or couches  
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from using high seats or couches  
#not to use gold and silver i.e. money.  
+
#I undertake the precept to refrain from using gold and silver i.e. money.  
  
 
The ten Precepts are most likely meant as a summary of the core precepts to be followed by monastics.
 
The ten Precepts are most likely meant as a summary of the core precepts to be followed by monastics.

Revision as of 22:14, 26 June 2022

A precept (sikkhàpada) is a self-imposed rule or discipline. The moral rules that all who call themselves Buddhists are obliged to live by are called the five Precepts (pa¤casãla).

The Five Precepts

Main article: 5 precepts

They are:

  1. I undertake the precept to abstain from taking life. (Though the precept's wording prohibits the killing of living beings, in terms of its underlying purpose it can also be understood to prohibit injuring, maiming, and torturing as well -- Bhikkhu Bodhi)
  2. I undertake the precept to refrain from taking that which is not given.
  3. I undertake the precept to refrain from sexual misconduct.
  4. I undertake the precept to refrain from incorrect speech.
  5. I undertake the precept to refrain from intoxicating drinks and drugs which lead to carelessness.

In following these Precepts one gradually develops a respect for the life of others, for their property, their dignity, their right to know the truth and a respect for the clarity of one’s own mind. The Buddha called the practice of these Precepts a consideration to others which ‘creates love and respect and which is conducive to helpfulness, non-dispute, harmony and unity’ (A.III,287).

On another occasion he called virtue ‘freedom-giving’ and ‘conducive to concentration’ (A.III,132). He also mentioned that one of the most important benefits of practicing the Precepts is that one experiences ‘the happiness of being blameless’ (D.I,70).

The Eight Precepts

Main article: 8 precepts

In addition to these Precepts, serious Buddhists will try to practice the eight Precepts (aññhasãla) at least on the New Moon and Full Moon days of every month. The eight Precepts are:

  1. I undertake the precept to abstain from taking life. (Though the precept's wording prohibits the killing of living beings, in terms of its underlying purpose it can also be understood to prohibit injuring, maiming, and torturing as well -- Bhikkhu Bodhi)
  2. I undertake the precept to refrain from taking that which is not given.
  3. I undertake the precept to refrain from sexual misconduct.
  4. I undertake the precept to refrain from incorrect speech.
  5. I undertake the precept to refrain from intoxicating drinks and drugs which lead to carelessness.
  6. I undertake the precept to refrain from eating after midday
  7. I undertake the precept to refrain from dancing, singing, playing or listening to music, personal adornment and makeup
  8. I undertake the precept to refrain from using high seats or beds

The Ten Precepts

Main article: 10 precepts

It will be noticed that while the five Precepts pertain to moral behaviour, the last three of the eight Precepts add behaviour that is conducive to simplicity, peace and reflection. Novice monks and nuns are expected to practice the ten Precepts (dasasãla) in preparation for their monastic life. These ten are:

  1. I undertake the precept to abstain from taking life. (Though the precept's wording prohibits the killing of living beings, in terms of its underlying purpose it can also be understood to prohibit injuring, maiming, and torturing as well -- Bhikkhu Bodhi)
  2. I undertake the precept to refrain from taking that which is not given.
  3. I undertake the precept to refrain from sexual misconduct.
  4. I undertake the precept to refrain from incorrect speech.
  5. I undertake the precept to refrain from intoxicating drinks and drugs which lead to carelessness.
  6. I undertake the precept to refrain from eating after midday
  7. I undertake the precept to refrain from dancing, singing, playing or listening to music
  8. I undertake the precept to refrain from adornment and makeup
  9. I undertake the precept to refrain from using high seats or couches
  10. I undertake the precept to refrain from using gold and silver i.e. money.

The ten Precepts are most likely meant as a summary of the core precepts to be followed by monastics.

References