Samyuktagama 125

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Saṃyuktāgama 125. [Discourse on What is Made by Māra]

Thus have I heard. At one time the Buddha was staying at Mount Makula, at that time being with an attendant monk by the name of Rādha.

Then the Blessed One said to the monk Rādha: “Whatever bodily form, whether past, future or present, internal or external, gross or subtle, sublime or repugnant, far or near, it is all completely made by Māra. Feeling … perception … formations … consciousness is also like this.

The Buddha said to Rādha: “What do you think, is bodily form permanent or is it impermanent?”

He replied: “It is impermanent, Blessed One.”

[The Buddha] asked again: “What is impermanent, is it dukkha?”

He replied: “It is dukkha, Blessed One.”

[The Buddha] asked again: “Is feeling … perception … formations … consciousness permanent or is it impermanent?”

He replied: “It is impermanent, Blessed One.”

[The Buddha] asked again: “What is impermanent, is it dukkha?”

He replied: “It is dukkha, Blessed One.”

The Buddha said to Rādha: “What is impermanent, dukkha, of a nature to change, would a learned noble disciple herein regard it as the self, as distinct from the self [in the sense of being owned by it], as existing [within the self, or the self] as existing [within it]?”

He replied: “No, Blessed One.”

[The Buddha said]: “Therefore, Rādha, a learned noble disciple gives rise to disenchantment with bodily form. Because of being disenchanted, he does not delight in it. He gives rise to disenchantment with feeling … perception … formations … consciousness. Because of being disenchanted, he does not delight in it. Because of not delighting in it, he becomes liberated. Being liberated he knows and sees: 'Birth for me has been eradicated, the holy life has been established, what had to be done has been done, I myself know that there will be no receiving of any further existence.'”

When the Buddha had spoken this discourse, hearing what the Buddha had said the monk Rādha was delighted and received it respectfully.

A third discourse is also like this, with the difference:35 The Buddha said to Rādha: “A learned noble disciples examines these five aggregates of clinging as not self and not belonging to a self.36 Having examined them, he does not cling to anything in the whole world. Because of not clinging, he is not attached. Because of not being attached, he personally realizes Nirvāṇa, [knowing]: 'Birth for me has been eradicated, the holy life has been established, what had to be done has been done, I myself know that there will be no receiving of any further existence.”

When the Buddha had spoken this discourse, hearing what the Buddha had said the monk Rādha was delighted and received it respectfully.