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Vesàkha (also spelled Vesak or Wesak) is the second month of the Buddhist calendar and it is traditionally believed that Siddhattha Gotama was born, enlightened and passed away on the full moon eve of the month of Vesàkha, although this is not specifically stated in the Tipitaka.

In Buddhist countries, Vesàkha is a public holiday and on that day people flock to temples to hear sermons, practice meditation and honour the Buddha with various ceremonies.

It typically falls on the full moon day of May. The Mahayana celebrate the Buddha's birthday on the same date or more frequently on April 8.